European military operation, also called “operation Sophia”, launched in May 2015 and deployed in the central Mediterranean Sea, with the following missions :

“Training of the Libyan coastguards and navy; to contribute to the implementation of the UN arms embargo on the high seas off the coast of Libya according to UNSCR 2292 (2016) and UNSCR 2357 (2017); to set up a monitoring mechanism of the long-term efficiency of the training of the Libyan Coastguard and Navy; to conduct new surveillance activities and gather information on illegal trafficking of oil exports from Libya in accordance UNSCR 2146 (2014) and 2362 (2017); to enhance the possibility for sharing information on human trafficking with member states law enforcement agencies, FRONTEX and EUROPOL.”

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